City Schools works closely with its partners in the news media to keep you informed about the work of educating students in Baltimore City. This webpage offers supplemental background, documents, and insight that supports those news stories.
Periodically, we will update this page with posts that pertain to news stories of great interest to our stakeholders. If you have a story or good news tip you would like to share, please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
On October 24, 2022, The Washington Post posted an article titled "Schools got $122 billion to reopen last year. Most has not been used." The article details how different school systems, including City Schools, have spent Elementary and Secondary School Emergency Relief (ESSER) grants.
Some readers have contacted City Schools with concerns about assertions made in the article, particularly that the district may not have spent ESSER funds. It is important to understand the Post article focused on only one of many COVID relief grants – i.e., the third iteration of the Elementary and Secondary School Emergency Relief (ESSER) grant funded under the American Recovery Plan (ARP).
For context, City Schools has received 29 COVID grants to date. The largest of these are the 3 ESSER grants, each with a different grant spending period. ARP ESSER (the focus of the Post article) is the most recent of the ESSER grants and has the last expiration date.
City Schools has strategically focused on first utilizing other COVID funds with earlier expiration dates. We have been fully spending available resources, and we are on track to fully utilize all grants, including the ARP ESSER funds. Of our 29 COVID grants, 16 to date have been fully closed out.
In short, please understand City Schools has implemented and is operating under a strategic spending plan, which aligns activity timelines and spending deadlines for each ESSER grant. The Post article failed to clarify that as this is the third ESSER grant, these funds are meant to support school years 2022-23, 2023-24, as well as 2024 activities and summer programming.
Please see the chart below for reference:
On October 3, 2022, Maryland Matters published an opinion piece by Christine Simon-Waterman, president of the Maryland Nurses Association. In the piece, the writer makes the following statement:
"The Maryland Nurses Association is concerned by recent reports that the Baltimore City Public Schools is not expanding its number of full-time school nurses with its Blueprint funding, and this problem could potentially be occurring in other jurisdictions. Students everywhere are increasingly facing health crises. One-fourth of children have a chronic disease, and the numbers are rising. More students are grappling with behavioral health challenges."
The assertion does not reflect some fundamental truths regarding nurses in City Schools, including:
Currently, all schools have registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, and/or nursing assistants to support student health needs.
City Schools has a longstanding contractual agreement with the Baltimore City Health Department to staff the district's health suites and centers, and to be responsible for school health programs - BCHD is working to meet that requirement, contingent on the availability of nurses. To support BCHD efforts, City Schools has provided staffing in health suites with vacancies BCHD was unable to fill. Currently, all schools have a registered nurse or nurse's assistant in place to support student health.
The school health aides are overseen by rotating delegating nurses provided by BCHD. The health aides and the nurses are hired, trained, and supervised by BCHD - City Schools provides the workspace, furniture, computer, and some funding. Nurses are assigned between one to three schools.
BCHD is working to provide additional nurses to increase coverage in all schools but has been hindered by a well-documented national nursing shortage - City Schools has supported BCHD by working proactively with universities and other partners to identify candidates, and City Schools provided funding to increase nurse salaries to support the recruiting effort.
BCHD is required under the Blueprint Act to continue to provide the same level of funding and support for school nurses that they did prior to passage of the Blueprint - Due to a pre-existing national nursing shortage that has been exacerbated by the pandemic, BCHD has struggled to hire nurses. BCHD has negotiated increases to their nursing salary scale to increase their competitiveness and City Schools has committed additional Blueprint funding to support those salary increases in support of BCHD's hiring efforts.
Ben Crump, a lawyer with a national profile, announced he will join Patterson, et al. v. BCBSC, a lawsuit against Baltimore City Public Schools.
The lawsuit was originally filed against Baltimore City Public Schools and the City. The lawsuit was recently amended.
The following is our statement to the media on this matter:
City Schools has a pending motion to dismiss the Pattersons’ lawsuit based on clear, legal grounds. Our motion papers are publicly accessible. We remain steadfastly dedicated to providing a quality education to all students. The plaintiffs’ lawsuit ignores that there is a robust local, state, and federal infrastructure to handle these types of claims. This matter of law will be decided in a court of law.
Read the amended motion - read it here.
On June 7, 2022, the Maryland Office of the Inspector General (OIGE) released the results of a three-year review regarding grade changes in City Schools between 2016 and 2019. City Schools issued a response to the report shared in italics below. Areas of emphasis are in bold.
You may also review our full written response to the OIGE here.
The report issued by the Maryland Office of the Inspector General (OIGE) is a perplexing end to a nearly three-year review into grade changes in our school system. City Schools has shared gigabytes worth of data, thousands of pages of documents, and hours of interviews with OIGE to help the office better understand what occurred more than 3 years ago, before many of our current seniors entered high school.
As the OIGE’s report acknowledged, Dr. Sonja Santelises, CEO of City Schools launched an extensive overhaul of our grading policy – Board Policy IKA – to ensure that our grading is fair, equitable, and accurately reflects our students’ achievements. As a result of that overhaul, the Board adopted significant revisions in May 2019.
Over 20 pages of the report, the OIGE notes the challenges of implementing changes to our policy, but it did not find a violation of the law or financial improprieties. The incidents cited largely occurred before the policy change in 2019 and did not illustrate systemwide pressure to change grades.
Most significantly, the report did not make specific recommendations other than further review. Nevertheless, City Schools welcomes the opportunity to contract for an external review of grade changes made during the 2022-23 school year to ensure we maintain our path of continuous improvement. This will be the first school year after the main thrust of the pandemic, offering current data in a near-normal school environment.
On May 31, 2022, political aspirant and WBAL Radio personality Kimberly Klacik made a series of heavily distorted and unsupported claims on her over-the-air radio show regarding Baltimore City Public Schools, its efforts to install air conditioning in its schools, and its Office of Equity. The comments, paraphrased below, were particularly noteworthy for their misstatements, distortions, and questions based on a misunderstanding of our work.
Ms. Klacik is welcome to her opinions and misconceptions, which she frequently touts as fact. However, she is not entitled to her own facts. City Schools is providing the following clarifications based on her unsupported assertions.
Ms. Klacik miscounted and misstated the schools that had an early dismissal on May 31 due to heat. A list of the impacted schools may be found at baltimorecityschools.org/ac
Ms. Klacik lacks apparent understanding about the purpose and goals of City Schools’ Office of Equity:
Ms. Klacik questioned the salary and oversight of the chief executive officer:
Between May 2-20, 2022, WBFF-TV has aired a series of stories documenting challenges faced by students that require private duty nurses. As the nation faces a shortage of nurses and medical professionals, City Schools has worked to provide appropriate educational support for students until a nurse is assigned.
Accurate and clear information is key to understanding what is happening and how City Schools is responding. WBFF-TV's limited scope and methods may leave stakeholders with an incomplete picture of the situation. To best aid our community, City Schools will post its full statements to WBFF-TV, as well as clarifications of the station's statements and coverage, here.
Most recent statement
June 4, 2022 – Claim about grading
"The claim is false - that is not a district directive. The regulation for Board Policy IKA - Grading and Reporting is clear: 'City Schools follows the guidelines set forth by the Maryland State Department of Education regarding attendance and credit earning.'
WBFF-TV has again demonstrated an eagerness to allow unrelated parties to offer factually-challenged assertions to prop up a failed narrative. We have requested documentation from WBFF-TV numerous times to determine how it validated the former employee's claims; the news station was unable to provide that information. However, in its April 25 statement to WBFF-TV, City Schools noted an instance where a school was forced to take corrective action when it entered grades and attendance incorrectly.
Teachers and school staff must follow Board Policy IKA and its regulation. If an employee violates that policy, they are subject to progressive discipline up to termination."
City Schools submitted replies to WBFF-TV requests on the following matters:
Adam Dubitsky, a former Maryland government relations staffer, replied to a May 1 post on City Schools’ Twitter channel (@baltcityschools) recognizing Teacher Appreciation Week (May 1-5). In his reply, Dubitsky took the celebratory moment to make an unsupported claim regarding the academic proficiency of students.
Dubitsky wrote “9 of 10 students aren't even proficient at grade level…,” which is false. Fortunately, very few people paid attention to his unsupported reply.
As a public institution, City Schools supports the right of any individual to share their opinions about our work. However, it’s important that accurate information is part of those discussions. Below is a summary of important achievement indicators both before and since the onset of the pandemic.
PERFORMANCE SINCE THE PANDEMIC
Each school year, Baltimore City Public Schools publishes its employee salaries on its website – view it here. The information includes employee names, salaries, positions, hire date, and any additional earnings such as overtime and benefits earnings (Ex. cashing in benefit time).
The currently posted information captures earnings from October 16, 2020, to October 14, 2021, for active employees as of October 14, 2021, and reflects actual salaries as of October 14, 2021. (Note: hourly salaries are not annualized.)
If you have questions about this database, please email email@example.com.
In a spirit of transparency, City Schools is noting the following:
Baltimore City Public Schools has received several requests regarding the number of COVID Awareness and Testing Consent Forms returned by families to date. Weekly testing is required for all students, and the forms must be signed and returned for students to participate in testing offered by City Schools. Families may opt out of the City Schools testing program, in which case, they are required to obtain regular COVID testing results in line with City Schools’ policies.
City Schools has assembled a spreadsheet with the number (unduplicated count) of students in each school or program with consent forms on file as of February 15, 2022. Please scroll lower to access the link.
The spreadsheet shows the individual school, enrollment at the school or program as of the date the data was pulled, and the number of students with consent forms on file.
The process for obtaining and maintaining student consent forms has been managed at the school level. City Schools has prioritized administering thousands of tests each week rather than ensuring a complete, up-to-date centralized count of consent forms, disaggregated by school.
For proper context, please review the following notes (as of February 15, 2022):
On January 10, The Baltimore Sun published a story titled “As Baltimore City school leaders propose permanently closing 4 more schools, activists and others speak out.” The report references how community leaders felt about proposals to close specific schools as part of City Schools’ Annual Review process.
(NOTE: Some of the proposals - such as proposed closures of Dr. Bernard Harris Elementary School - were ultimately removed from consideration. The Board of School Commissioners voted on other schools listed in the article.)
In the article, The Sun paraphrased a comment about why some schools, like Dr. Bernard Harris Elementary were being considered for closure. The paraphrased statement read:
“Over the years, key programs such as Child First, a nonprofit group that provides supports such as after-school programs to schools, were moved to another school, a sign of the disinvestment, Trotman said.”
The paraphrase did not include the critical context needed to understand what occurred.
Child First Authority, Inc. currently has out of school time programs at 14 campuses in City Schools and is the community schools non-profit partner at 10 of those schools. These programs offer an effective way to support students and families. There are no plans to scale back this programming.
Only a single program - Dr. Bernard Harris Elementary School – has been closed. For the past six years, the program had been funded annually by a $351,185 21st Century Community Learning Center grant through the Maryland State Department of Education (MSDE). The final year for the grant was the 2020-2021 school year, and MSDE did not renew it.
Child First Authority, Inc. could not identify the funding necessary to continue the program at Dr. Bernard Harris Elementary School. However, the 14 other programs at City Schools campuses remain in operation.
On February 2, 2022, the Fox News network posted an opinion piece by Tucker Carlson that included three heavily distorted claims regarding Baltimore City Public Schools. The statements were based on interpretations of recent stories by WBFF-TV (Fox 45).
All of Carlson’s claims lack total citations and require clarification and correction.
Claim No. 1 – Carlson half-heartedly cited a WBFF-TV report about fall 2021 i-Ready scores at Patterson High School to frame this series of questions: “So, the kids can’t read, they’re illiterate, what is their future look like? What does Baltimore’s future look like? What does the country’s future look like? How are they going to participate in our society?”
The truth: WBFF-TV posted City Schools’ complete response to the WBFF-TV. Carlson failed to use any part of it. The response, posted here, includes the following critical information:
As we previously stated to WBFF-TV, i-Ready scores do not provide a complete or final picture of student performance. City Schools uses i-Ready to provide checkpoints on student progress during the school year. This was the first in-person checkpoint for students at Patterson High School after 18 months of disruption caused by the pandemic. For some students, their previous in-person experience was in middle school during their seventh-grade year.
Over 40% of participating students were classified as English language learners and did not receive the accommodations they would receive on state-required assessments such as the Maryland Comprehensive Assessment Program (MCAP).
Claim No. 2 – Carlson distorted a WBFF-TV report about reduced numbers of student arrests, stating the following: “public school administrators have instructed the police to stop arresting students for committing crimes. And that would include serious offenses from burglary to assault. So the cops did stop arresting kids. The number of students arrested in Baltimore schools has dropped by 98% in the last decade.” Again, Carlson failed to include City Schools’ response.
The truth: City Schools Police were not ordered to stop arresting students for crimes. As the data demonstrates, arrests continue to occur when appropriate. The decrease in student arrests results from a strategy recognized as a national model. This included changes to how we select officers and those we retain, where they are assigned, and engaging officers in relationship-building work such as mentoring, coaching, running summer camps. While some naysayers such as Carlson would prefer we arrest every student, we have used relationships and mentoring to address the real issue that leads to misconduct.
Claim No. 3 – Carlson flailed in explaining City Schools’ decision not to penalize high school seniors that struggled during the worldwide COVID-19. Based on nothing more than a soundbite, Carlson said, “Baltimore’s so-called chief academic officer - that would be Harvard educated bureaucrat called Joan Dabrowski - announced that this policy was designed to quote Avoid the punitive approach of failing students. OK. But somebody is failing students in Baltimore.”
The truth: Carlson’s statement uses a bushel of hyperbole and distortion and ignores the data. First, Chief Dabrowski shared our policy with a media outlet, but City Schools decided to implement the policy. She is Harvard-educated, meaning we have a highly qualified head of academics. That’s a good thing!
Further, the strategy to not fail seniors did not mean they automatically graduated. The state of Maryland has firm requirements for graduation that school districts cannot supersede. If Carlson had researched the issue, he would have learned that more than 500 seniors participated in summer classes and could meet the state’s requirements for a diploma. We shared a story here.
On January 3, 2022, Lisa Snowden-McCray of The Real News Network submitted a series of follow-up questions based on a news conference hosted by City Schools featuring elected officials. The topic was the return to in-person learning following the district’s winter break.
Her questions are italicized. Our answers are below, with numbering aligned with the original question.
1. What, if anything, have City Schools officials done to begin preparing students and teachers who suffer from long COVID? Have school officials begun considering what it can mean to have more students with long-term illness that could have an effect on learning?
2. Are schools doing anything to make sure that students, teachers, and school staff have access to better quality masks such as the N95s that many doctors have been in favor of?
3. The messaging I heard from Dr. Santelises and other local leaders sounded very similar to messaging I heard from other Democratic leaders in other parts of the country. How is the Biden administration involved with these decisions? Is there scripting that is going out?
1. Prevention is the best way to protect against the effects of COVID-19, including vaccinations, booster shots, and regular testing. City Schools provides testing and coordinates with community partners on vaccination and booster clinics for students and staff members.
2. Currently, we have no plans to purchase N95 masks. Based on our ongoing conversations with health experts, the best mask is a mask that fits well, is comfortable, and that people will wear consistently. At the start of the 2021-22 school year, City Schools provided high-quality masks to staff and students that comply with health guidelines (2 layers of tightly-woven fabric with adjustable straps to ensure a snug fit). In addition, City Schools continues to ensure disposable surgical masks are on-site and available at our schools for students or staff who forget their masks.
3. City Schools has consistently stated that the most effective learning environment is in a classroom, before and during the pandemic. We’ve previously made this point concerning inclement weather closures and throughout 2020-21 as we prepared for the return of students in-person. Our messaging is developed in-house and does not come from a political party or the White House.
City Schools is committed to its nationally-recognized COVID-19 testing and screening program. Each week, more than 50,000 tests are conducted in our district. In the last 10 days (as of 12/22/21), we have recorded 510 cases of COVID-19 among our 87,783 students and staff.
This week, schools were scheduled to be open three-and-a half days. City Schools suspended pooled testing for this week because the testing process requires at least five days.
Our ability to notify families about test results was also a factor. PCR testing appointments are offered over two days— with results returned within 48 hours. Unfortunately, there’s not enough time to complete pooled testing without leaving families with inconclusive results.
City Schools will provide an update in the coming days on how testing will resume after Winter Break. Thank you so much for being so supportive, and stay safe!
Baltimore City Public Schools is successfully implementing the air conditioning plan approved by Gov. Larry Hogan in 2017. The plan calls for all school buildings to be air conditioned by the 2022-2023 school year, depending on approvals and the availability of state funding. City Schools is on track to meet that goal. There would be no plan and five-year timeline if the governor did not approve it first, yet he continually denies his role.
City Schools reduced the number of schools without air conditioning from 75 schools in 2017 to 21 schools as of August 30, 2021. That is 54 additional schools with air conditioning since the plan was approved four years ago, along with necessary upgrades to electrical systems and windows. Yet the governor repeatedly states that the plan he approved is not successful.
If the governor is criticizing the plan, then he cannot dismiss his role in making it a reality. He approved our air conditioning plan in 2017. City Schools is accountable to the community for implementing the plan the governor supported, and we are making progress on the plan.
On Monday, August 2, the WBFF-TV (Fox 45) aired a report titled “City Schools Denies Records Request, Still No Answers in Augusta Fells Probe.” The story references the media outlet’s request for transcripts for students at “Augusta Fells Savage Institute of Visual Arts for the 2018, 2019, and 2020 school years.” (quotation references the outlet’s official MPIA request).
In its on-air and website stories, WBFF-TV references yet paraphrase our denial of the request. However, they omitted our five-page response’s full contents and offer to explore alternative means of responding. View the letter here. After City Schools questioned the omission, the reporter offered to include the full story on the WBFF website.
In summary, we denied the request because:
There are federal laws that protect students’ records from public disclosure. According to the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), a student’s education record is confidential and protected from disclosure.
Releasing a student’s transcript violates their right to privacy under federal and Maryland law. Because transcripts contain a wealth of personal and confidential information about a student’s academic history and status, the simple redaction of a student’s name will not guarantee prevention of a student from being individually identified. Please review this article, “With FOIA, Redacting Student Names Will Not Always Protect Student Privacy,” for a better understanding.
Students’ schedules are often individualized to their particular course needs, academic pathways, and interests. Transcripts for older students covers multiple years, which means it is even more likely that there are unique or there are only a few students, whose schedules over multiple years will be identical. Sharing a transcript, even after redacting obviously personally identifiable information (name, address, etc.), will result in a high likelihood that the student can be identified, especially to others in the school community.
In addition to airing the story, we understand Fox 45 and its corporate parent have engaged in a polling campaign to the city’s public officials (see attached example screenshot) regarding the MPIA request discussed above and the CEO’s employment.
On Tuesday, August 3, the Baltimore Brew published an article stating that City Schools closed the Liberty Recreation Center citing unsatisfactory conditions.
Here are the facts:
The article states that the site was not previously required to obtain a license from the Health Department. This is correct. However, the complaints led to the City Schools site visit that revealed food was being stored on site. Storing food in a food service facility requires a license from the Commissioner of Health based on Baltimore City Health Code. On July 19, Ms. Trueheart was notified of the findings of the investigation via phone call and letter and given until July 30 to address all the issues including applying for the appropriate permits.
The article also states that we offered Ms. Trueheart the opportunity to discuss the original complaint from the community member. This is accurate; however, upon our own review of the conditions of the site we decided to summarize the community complaint in our letter and include in the July 19 letter our direct findings. Both before and after sending the July 19 letter we held several phone calls with Ms. Trueheart about the contents of the letter and offered assistance to help her address the conditions of the site. She did not take advantage of the offer. She was also encouraged to respond in writing addressing line by line how she would address each of the findings.
The article states that the Liberty Recreation Center is shut down and needed to close because “currently in-person use of City Schools facilities are restricted". That is inaccurate. In fact, the letter refers to the recreation center’s access to the Liberty Elementary school gym where in-person learning is taking place. All school buildings, not the recreation center, have restricted in-person community activities based on the district’s Summer Field and Building Guidance.
Ms. Trueheart was advised to remove food from the premises and to apply for the license from the Baltimore City Health Department to distribute and store food. Other non-food activities by her organization were unaffected and there are other partners continuing activities in the recreation center. Once the food has been removed and the site is in compliance with all Health Department requirements, Ms. Trueheart may resume food distribution only immediately. She may store food once she has been approved for the Health Department license that allows her to do so.
City Schools believes in the value of quality recreational spaces to the community, but we must also protect the health and safety of our community. Health and safety procedures are in place to ensure and they must be followed to make sure all parties are protected.
City Schools letter to Liberty Rec Center and Ms. Trueheart's response
On July 12, 2021, WBFF-TV (Fox 45) aired a story about student grade point averages in the first, second, and third quarters of the 2020-2021 school year. The report stated that 41 percent of high school students earned a grade point average of 1.0 or less in the third quarter.
Several media outlets and media personalities, such as former congressman Newt Gingrich via his Twitter account on July 17, have misstated the facts and content from that story. Some of these assertions were made without any discernable research or in support of an ideological narrative. Two of Mr. Gingrich's comments were particularly notable and required clarification and correction.
First, the following is a statement from City Schools in response to WBFF-TV's questions before it aired the story:
"Consistent with the experience of many school districts across the country, the COVID-19 pandemic created significant disruptions to student learning. As early as the summer of 2020, City Schools identified large numbers of students with decreases in their grade point averages and classroom performance compared to past performances.
Starting this summer and beyond, City Schools is providing students with various opportunities to acquire the unfinished learning they lost. Each student's progress will be assessed, and an action plan will be developed to complete any unfinished learning. These plans will guide families and teachers in helping students get back on track."
FALSE: "41 percent of all City Schools students have a GPA of 1.0 or less"
THE FACTS: Through the third quarter of the 2020-2021 school year, 41 percent of high school students had earned a GPA of 1.0 or less. But the real story is in the timing of the data. Data for the end of the school year reflects a student's final grade and appears on their transcripts.
The most accurate indicator of student performance will appear in the final grade. This is notable because a student may take critical steps (Ex. completing missing assignments from earlier in the school year), leading to a grade higher than they recorded in previous quarters.
For example, this is similar to reporting the score of a football game in the third quarter as a final outcome.
City Schools will provide the community with an update in the coming weeks on the final performance of high school students during SY 2020-21. But Mr. Gingrich's assertion ignores important context and paints a picture that ultimately may be proven false.
HIS STATEMENT: "FORBES reports a student with a 0.13 GPA ranked in the top half of his class (62 of 120). Baltimore City spends $1.4 billion ($18,000 per student)."
THE TRUTH: Mr. Gingrich attributed his statement to another publication. However, he did so – again – without proper context.
The "0.13 GPA" statement has long been disproved. Please read our April 9 post on this page for additional information. In summary, "The transcript contained content from a single moment in time, February 2021. Transcripts are snapshots and change regularly based on student activity. Class ranks may also vary based on enrollment at the school."
Similarly, City Schools does have a total budget of nearly $1.4 billion. However, the budget is not a matter of simple division – we do not divide the total budget by the number of students in the district.
Please read our March 9 post on this webpage for an accurate and clear understanding of our per-pupil spending. Further, you may also visit our budget webpage for factual information about our spending.
City Schools welcomes public discourse and debate about student achievement and the use of the resources we are entrusted with. Our goal is to provide clear and accurate statements about our work.
Editor’s note: Please see our March 2 post on this webpage for background.
As part of news reporting its reporting regarding irregularities at Augusta Fells Savage Institute, WBFF-TV continually claims that “questions remain unanswered” about aspects of what occurred during 2019 at the school.
In different responses to WBFF-TV, City Schools has made clear that there is an ongoing investigation into irregularities in course scheduling and inconsistencies in enrollment and grading at Augusta Fells Savage. City Schools is not prepared to share additional information immediately to ensure the investigation is conducted fairly and appropriately and with due process. We have requested that WBFF-TV pause its reporting until the investigation is completed or provide proper context. Once the investigation is complete, a more accurate picture will be available and be shared publicly.
City Schools fully intends to document the findings of the investigation directly and share them appropriately.
Editor's note: Please see our March 2 post on this webpage for background.
As part of news reporting regarding irregularities at Augusta Fells Savage Institute, City Schools has received questions regarding high school students' ability to be promoted to the next grade level. Due to the news reporting, there is some belief that high school students are promoted based on their age.
That belief is not accurate. High school students must earn the required number of credits to be promoted to the next grade level. Age is not a determination for grade-level promotion. Per Board Policy IKEA-RA, students may not be promoted to the next course or grade level without the proper credits. Every year City Schools reviews student grade levels to ensure the correct placement of students.
Credits are earned when a high school student passes a class. A student must earn 21 credits to graduate in City Schools. Similarly, a high school student must earn the required number of credits each school year to be promoted to the next grade level.
If a student does not earn the required number of credits in a given school year, they may be retained. In April 2017, City Schools revised the number and types of credits needed to be promoted at each high school grade level. For 9th grade students, the requirement for promotion increased from four credits to five credits. If a 9th-grade student does not earn five credits, they cannot advance to the 10th grade.
Editor's note: Please see our March 2 post on this webpage for background.
As part of its series regarding irregularities at Augusta Fells Savage Institute, WBFF-TV (Fox 45) has noted that a student's transcript appears to show the student taking advanced courses without completing the necessary prerequisite.
Students are not allowed to take certain advanced courses without passing the prerequisite.
City Schools is currently investigating irregularities in course scheduling and inconsistencies in enrollment and grading at Augusta Fells Savage Institute in 2019. City Schools does not comment publicly on the education records of individual students.
In general, students must complete certain pre-perquisite courses before advancing to the advanced course. For example, Algebra I must be completed before Algebra II. Also, foreign language courses must be taken sequentially.
There is an exception: English III can be scheduled before or concurrently with English IV.
Editor's note: Please see our March 2 post on this webpage for background.
As part of its series regarding irregularities at Augusta Fells Savage Institute, WBFF-TV (Fox 45) has regularly described the class rank of a student as "61 of 120". The statement is based on a copy of the student's transcript they reviewed.
The transcript contained content from a single moment in time, February 2021. Transcripts are snapshots and change regularly based on student activity. Class ranks may also vary based on enrollment at the school.
There is also important context necessary to understand their statement best:
Because of this context, a student with a low GPA would be ranked above a student with no GPA. Transcripts do not contain this context, which may lead to misunderstandings. City Schools is reviewing how information is presented on transcripts to avoid these challenges for students and parents in the future.
Regularly, some civic leaders and news outlets quote U.S. Census Data from 2015 or 2018 that places City Schools per-pupil spending as some of the highest in the country. The commentary regularly does not provide proper context.
Below is a primer regarding per-pupil spending by City Schools.
Background: Fox 45's Project Baltimore aired a story with allegations from a parent at Augusta Fells Savage Institute of Visual Arts that she was not informed of her student's attendance and academic challenges. She questioned what steps City Schools takes to notify families. Our response is as follows: On Monday, March 1, WBFF-TV (Fox 45) aired a story about a student in the ninth grade at student at Augusta Fells Savage Institute of Visual Arts (AFS).
City Schools' efforts to address academic irregularities in course scheduling and inconsistencies in enrollment and grading at Augusta Fells Savage Institute of Visual Arts (AFS) began before this news story and have been ongoing.
City Schools initially identified the irregularities during a review of seniors’ records at AFS in Summer 2019. The concerns were elevated, and an investigation was launched in August 2019 and is ongoing.
At that time, City Schools made several steps to address potential root causes of the issues.
Regarding the student, staff communicated via mail, phone calls and home visits to discuss the student’s particular situation before any news story appeared. We have worked with the family and student to make changes that meet his individual needs, and we will continue to support him to get back on track with his high school education.
City Schools is committed to honest, accurate, accessible, and transparent communications to parents and families about students' performance and will continue to be vigilant in reviewing student records to identify and address concerns. We will continue to work with families to support students at Augusta Fells Savage Institute of Visual Arts on the path to graduation and career readiness.
Background: Fox 45's Project Baltimore aired a story on March 1 with allegations from a parent at Augusta Fells Savage Institute of Visual Arts that she was not informed of her student's attendance and academic challenges. She questioned what steps City Schools takes to notify families. Our response is as follows:
Our goal is to provide resources and support to students and their families struggling with academic or attendance challenges. We hold schools and staff members accountable if that does not occur, including making appropriate staffing changes to improve outcomes.
City Schools does not publicly discuss the individual academic or attendance records or data of its students. However, City Schools has taken multiple steps with the student's family to support the young man, including:
Children between the ages of 5 and 18 must attend school — it's the law. If an absence occurs, the student's family receives a daily automated phone call advising of the absence. If necessary, families may respond to the call by noting if the absence meets the criteria to be excused. Otherwise, the absence is recorded as unexcused.
Students who are absent for 10% or more of school days are considered chronically absent. If a student is chronically absent, the following interventions should occur:
Truancy is a legal term used to identify students who have missed more than 20% of school days (about 3.5 days per month) without a lawful reason.
If a student has missed 15 days of school without a legal reason, the school may make a truancy referral to the district office. At that point, the district office issues a letter of concern to the family and conducts a case review to determine if due diligence has been done in trying to reach the family and support the student’s re-engagement in school. The district office also monitors the student’s data to determine if the letter of concern has an impact on the student’s attendance.
If the district determines that the school has made every effort to work with the family and offer support but that the student has continued accruing unexcused absences, charges will be filed against the parent or guardian in district court.
On January 21, The Baltimore Brew published an article about community responses to our air purification plan. The article is “Parents and teachers fear that portable air purifiers won’t make Baltimore schools safe for reopening”.
The article contained several points that require additional context or citations.
The truth about our air ventilation efforts:
Based on our current inventory, we have enough purifiers to support over 50% of students to return to schools that are scheduled to receive MERV 13 upgrades and support schools that will only receive purifiers. The district expects 20-25% of students to return to in-person classes.
Fox 45, in its series about emails about past grading adjustments in City Schools, is reviewing emails from January 2019 that document discussions that occurred at Calverton Elementary School. The emails capture some discomfort on the part of an employee to a potential change.
City Schools updated Board Policy IKA and its associated regulation more than 14 months ago, in May 2019, to provide staff and schools with additional guidance when an update to a student’s grade is needed. The updated policy also provides teachers and families with multiple avenues to register concerns if they disagree with the grade change process. The changes include a mandate that principals confer with teachers before changing a grade and a requirement that principals notify the teacher in writing if a grade is adjusted.
The original version of Board Policy IKA, adopted in 2011 and in line with MDSE guidelines at the time, provided schools autonomy to individualize their processes for changing a student’s grade. The unintended consequence was a lack of consistency and clarity for principals, teachers, and staff. The email exchange from Calverton in January 2019 helps make clear why additional guidance was required.
There was no violation of Board Policy IKA at Calverton because schools could set their own rules to review a student’s grade per the 2011 version of the policy. However, we did come to understand the policy didn’t provide enough guidance or direction.
To address this lack of centralized guidance, our grading policy’s updated 2019 version standardizes many aspects of our protocols related to grade changes. We want consistency in this process, so grades have the same meaning from school to school."
Note: Please review our September 14 post for additional information.
On September 16, 2020, journalist Alec MacGillis tweeted comments by the City Schools CEO regarding the number of log-ins by students to virtual learning classes. The figure tweeted by MacGillis was correct based on the CEO's comments.
However, there is significant context necessary to understand what students are included in that 65 percent.
The 65-percent includes:
ONLY students that logged in using their district credentials to any of our learning platforms - Clever, Zoom, Google.
The 65-percent does not include:
Summary: Since September 2017, Fox 45 has sought information regarding allegations of grade-changing within City Schools. The school district initially declined an open-records request by Fox 45 for records related to investigations regarding grade changes for the following reasons:
Fox 45 challenged that stance and the parties correctly addressed the matter in a court of law, where the judge disagreed with us. Since the judge issued her final ruling, City Schools has spent more than 3,900 work-hours producing the documents with all due effort and speed, resulting in more than 234,000 pages of documents, plus more than 50,000 emails. The news outlet is airing a series of stories based on information in those documents and emails.
Question: Did inappropriate grade changing take place?
Answer: Approximately eight of 23 total allegations were substantiated between 2010 and March 2019 - an average of around two per year. City Schools originally outlined the scope of those allegations in this statement to the community on June 4, 2019.
As of September 14, 2020:
It must also be noted that changing grades are permitted, under certain circumstances, by Board Policy IKA. The policy was adopted in June 2011 and updated in May 2019.
Question: Is grade changing allowed by teachers, principals, or staff members?
Answer: Yes, per Board Policy IKA and its associated regulations. Updated guidance forms were added via Board Policy IKA-RA, were adopted on October 3, 2019.
There are valid reasons that grades may be changed after a teacher first records them: For example, a student may have done make-up work that should be included, an assignment or test may have been left out by accident, a child on long-term medical absence may be doing work through an alternative program, or a mathematical error might need to be corrected. The vast majority of grade changes are made for these and similarly legitimate purposes.
Teachers may only adjust a student’s grade when there are extenuating educational circumstances, with approval from the school principal. Principals may adjust a student’s grade after conferring with the teacher that assigned the grade. Students, parents, and teachers may appeal any change. Please read the policy for full information.
Question: Why didn’t City Schools provide Fox 45 the emails initially?
Answer: The district believed that information requested by Fox 45 constituted a personnel records; the law does not require the district to share those records. In its response to the court, the district also provided several other reasons (“exemptions”) to keep the records private: the investigations were in progress (“deliberative process”); public release of the records could deprive individuals of a fair and impartial hearing; the public release could compromise the identity of individuals participating in the investigation, deter the willingness of individuals to come forward in the future and thus detrimentally impact the ability of the district to thoroughly investigate future allegations thoroughly.
Question: What happened as a result of the allegations, whether they were proven or not?
Answer: In some cases, staff members that knowingly took part in inappropriate grade changes were addressed using internal procedures. By law, discipline against employees cannot be shared publicly. More critically, City Schools identified the weaknesses in its processes and made the following changes by updates to Board Policy IKA. Beginning during the 2017-18 school year, we took the following steps:
Question: How much time did City Schools spend to provide the information sought by Fox 45?
Answer: Attorneys spent nearly 3,900 hours working to identify files requested by Fox 45. That is equivalent to almost 488 8-hour working days.
To view the documents obtained by Fox 45 in full, please submit an MPIA request here.
On September 11, 2020, City Schools closed two meal sites and issued the following statement to media:
"Effective immediately, City Schools will temporarily close the meal sites at Dr. Nathan A. Pitts-Ashburton Elementary/Middle School and Sandtown-Winchester Achievement Academy for the day. Both sites will reopen on Monday."
That same day, WJZ-TV incorrectly reported the meal site closure at Sandtown-Winchester Achievement Academy was closed due to a COVID-19 case. On September 13, 2020, City Schools requested the news outlet update the story on its website to remove the erroneous message, and notified families directly via email, automated phone call, and text.
On October 14, 2020, WBFF-TV (Fox 45) aired a story titled "Census: Baltimore City Schools Third Highest for Administrative Costs." In the story, the media outlet stated the following:
"The U.S. Census breaks down school spending into categories for America’s 100 largest school systems. We discovered a chunk of City Schools' money is not going to the classroom. It’s not buying books, computers or science equipment. Rather, it’s going to administrators, such as principals, assistant principals and people at North Avenue."
The statement does not provide proper context when it comes to administrative spending in City Schools. The district provided a comprehensive response to Fox 45, but only a portion was included in the story.
The following is the complete response to the story:
"The raw 2018 data in this federal government report on education funding is accurate but requires context.
City Schools does not have one of the highest administrative costs, per pupil, of all LEAs across the country. Comparing all LEAs in the country, City Schools ranks around No. 10,600 of the more than 14,000 school districts in the country. The federal government report only considers the 100 largest school districts in the nation based upon enrollment, or less than 1% of all our total school districts nationwide.
Under the methodology used to develop the federal government's report, City Schools has one of the highest administrative costs of the 100 largest school districts. That point also requires proper context. Due to the school budgeting approach we use, many “administrative” costs for City Schools are actually student and school costs that we pay for centrally. "