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Teacher Effectiveness Evaluation

and evaluation of other BTU members

BTU members who are classroom teachers are evaluated using the teacher effectiveness evaluation. Other BTU members (e.g., education associates, counselors, library media specialists) are evaluated with the performance-based evaluation system. Not sure which evaluation applies to you? Check out this listing by job title. All BTU members should anticipate meeting with their supervisor to review the evaluation process. Individual Development Plans (IDPs) and initial planning conferences must be completed by October 31.

Note that if a deadline falls on a weekend or holiday, the deadline will shift to the next work day.

2020-21 Evaluations

Baltimore City Public Schools is committed to authentic employee evaluations, grounded by accurate observations of practice and meaningful feedback. We recognize the importance of each employee receiving feedback on their performance and impact and being recognized for the role they play in support of our students and families.

Therefore, wherever possible, employee evaluations will continue for this year. Employee evaluation forms and rubrics remain unchanged. In instances when performance data is not available for employees evaluated with an Effectiveness Framework, the remaining evaluation components will be reweighted as communicated at the start of the year.

2020-21 Pilot of “Off Cycle” Evaluations for Teachers

In 2020-21, City Schools is piloting an “on/off cycle” for classroom teachers in which tenured teachers who meet particular performance criteria may elect to go “off cycle.” Those teachers who make this decision will not have formal observations or professional expectations conducted this school year. Rather, their formal observation and professional expectations scores from 2019-20 will be included in this year’s annual evaluation. In accordance with COMAR requirements, student growth data must be gathered each year and so these teachers must still participate in the SLO process for 2020-21.
For additional information, please review the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) document

Teacher effectiveness evaluation

This evaluation for BTU classroom teachers reflects the complexities of teaching and was designed to help improve student academic outcomes. It includes multiple measures and components that, together, provide an authentic, comprehensive understanding of strengths and areas for improvement aimed at continuous improvement of instructional practice.

An overview of the evaluation is provided below. All BTU members and their supervisors are encouraged to watch these Plug & Play narrated presentations:

Although the mid-year review for classroom teachers occurs offline, we have provided some guidelines for holding mid-year conversations. The mid-year performance review conversation provides an opportunity for teachers and school leaders to discuss student and teacher progress to date. 

UPDATED: Key dates and milestones

Because it includes several components, the teacher effectiveness evaluation unfolds over the course of the school year. Review these key dates and milestones for the teacher evaluation, which were updated in the beginning of the second formal observation window. If any date falls on a weekend or holiday, the due date is the next day.


Professional practice: Formal classroom observations (40% total)

Formal observations provide evidence of a teacher's strengths and areas for development. When done purposefully and with discussion that includes actionable feedback, they are integral to improving instructional practice. 

  • Teachers are observed on the seven key actions of the instructional framework's "Teach" component
  • Teachers should receive frequent informal observations during the school year
  • In order to sustain an annual evaluation, a minimum of two formal observations must be completed by qualified observers 
  • The total weight of the formal observation component is 40% (e.g., if two observations, then each is worth 20%), 
  • Each formal observation is considered a separate evaluation measure 

Professional practice: Professional expectations (10%)

This measure considers the extent to which a teacher meets district expectations for compliance with district and school policies and demonstrates standard skills in communication, professionalism, professional practice, and district expectations. 

Supervisors and teachers should review the professional expectations rubric. Teachers are encouraged to reflect and self-assess their performance on this form.

Student growth: Student learning objectives (35%)

SLOs are specific, measurable academic goals for a particular group of students in an academic year. Teachers create SLOs in collaboration with their school leaders and in alignment with the relevant district guidance. SLOs can be used to measure student learning for teachers in both tested and non-tested grades. For 2018-19, the evaluation includes one SLO worth 35% of the total evaluation. Note that without an approved exemption, teachers must have an approved SLO learning target and submit their student data in the appropriate electronic system. Failure to do so results in a score of 25 on the SLO component of the 2019-20 evaluation.

For more information and resources about SLOs, visit the district's Blackboard site, log in, and click the SLO icon.

Student growth: School performance measure (15%)

This measure reflects a whole school’s yearlong performance for learning environment, student growth, and college and career readiness. Due to the timing when data is available, school performance measure data reflects the previous year’s performance. There is insufficient performance data to calculate an SPM score for all schools due to the emergency school building closers last year. Therefore, the remaining evaluation components will be reweighted for SY 2020-21 evaluations. Please review the evaluation reweighting resource for more information.


For most teachers, the end-of-year rating is determined by a composite score made up of individual scores from each component. Each individual raw score is converted to a 100-point scale, weighted, and combined to yield a single overall composite rating. This overall annual evaluation rating is based on where a teacher's composite score falls within the annual evaluation score ranges. This overview shows an example of an annual evaluation rating calculation; this overview clarifies how evaluation components are re-weighted when data is not available.

The final rating can result in awarding of achievement units which, in turn, contributes to teachers' advancement along their career pathway and their salary. 

  • 86 and above: Highly effective (12 achievement units)
  • 70 to 85: Effective (9 achievement units)
  • 55 to 69: Developing (3 achievement units)
  • 54 and below: Ineffective

If a teacher receives a rating of ineffective, City Schools must, at a minimum, offer that teacher (if he or she is certificated) a meaningful appeal process in accordance with Education Article, § 4-205(c)(4), Annotated Code of Maryland. The burden of proof is on the teacher appealing the rating.

Evaluation for other BTU members

BTU employees who do not work primarily in delivering instruction are evaluated using forms and rubrics from the Performance-Based Evaluation System. Please note the following dates, tasks, and resources.

Note that if a deadline falls on a weekend or holiday, the deadline will shift to the next work day.

By January 27: First Formal Observation

By February 1: Midyear Performance Review

By April 30 (UPDATED): Second Formal Observation

  • See forms for first formal observation

By one week before last day of school for employees: Annual evaluation

Electronic platform help guides

All BTU employees and their evaluators complete steps in the evaluation process electronically. BTU employees will access their information in OPMS via their Employee Self Service and supervisors will access information in OPMS via Manager Self Service.

Help guides

Guides specific to using Blackboard for SLOs are listed in the SLO course.

All employees:


Other BTU members:

All supervisors:

Classroom teacher supervisors:

Other BTU employee supervisors: