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Wednesday, April 16, 2014

By the Numbers 2013-14

(updated: December 31, 2013)

City Schools at a Glance

2013-14 Student Enrollment: 84,730 total
  • 44,786 students in grades pre-k–5
  • 17,062 students in grades 6–8
  • 22,882 students in grades 9–12
Student Demographics
  • 83.8 percent African American; 8 percent White; 6.2 percent Hispanic/Latino
  • 84.5 percent low income (based on eligibility for Free or Reduced-Price Meals)
  • 3.9 percent English language learner

2013-14 Schools and Programs: 195 total
  • 1 pre-k/kindergarten school
  • 54 elementary schools
  • 75 elementary/middle schools
  • 9 middle schools
  • 17 middle/high schools
  • 31 high schools
  • 1 elementary/middle/high school
  • 7 programs (not schools)
These include 31 charter schools and 19 schools managed by external operators.

FY2014 Budget: $1.32 billion

Student Achievement

Kindergartners Come Ready to Learn
  • According to the 2013 Maryland Model for School Readiness report, the number of kindergartners arriving at school “fully ready” to learn has risen for the ninth straight year; in 2012-13, 77.6 percent of children were fully ready, a one-year increase of 6.2 percent. (Read more.
  • City Schools attributes this progress in part to aggressive pre-k expansion: In 2012-13, 4,800 pre-k seats were offered, up from 3,400 in 2006-07. 
  • Analysis of the 2013 results shows that school attendance matters, even in the earliest grades: Students who were chronically absent in pre-k were less likely to be "fully ready" in kindergarten.
  • Analysis that considered results from prior years indicates that students who are "fully ready" to learn in kindergarten perform consistently better on statewide standardized tests in subsequent grades.
3rd- to 8th-Grade Students Show Growth over Time
  • In the past decade, City Schools students have made solid gains in performance as shown on the Maryland School Assessments (MSAs). In 2004, 48.8 percent of students performed at proficient or advanced levels in reading; in 2013, 67.9 percent did so. In math, the percentage of students performing at proficient or advanced levels rose from 33.5 in 2004 to 58.9 in 2013. (Read more...)
  • 2013 results in reading performance held steady from the prior year, buoyed by gains in the middle grades. Math performance saw a decline. (Read more...)
  • City Schools' 2013 results mirror those across the state, where implementation of new curricula aligned to the Common Core State Standards is underway, while statewide tests aligned to new curricula have not yet been introduced.

Preparing High School Students for College and Career

  • The graduation rate for students who started high school in 2008-09 and graduated within five years (by June 2013) was 71.7 percent, up 5 percentage points from two years earlier. (Read more.)
  • In the same two-year period, the dropout rate declined from 23.8 percent to 14.1 percent.
  • Enrollment in Career and Technology Education programs increased from 6,901 students in 2011 to 8,180 in 2012 (though the percentage of students receiving certification in their career pathway declined from 86.2 to 70.8, likely in part due to the enrollment surge).
  • 2013 results on Advanced Placement exams and the SAT held steady or dropped over the preceding two years, indicating a need for increased emphasis on college preparation.

Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA)

  • 2013 TUDA results (from the National Assessment of Educational Progress, NAEP) show City Schools students holding ground since 2009, when the district became a part of TUDA reporting. (Read more.)
  • In 8th-grade reading, students showed a statistically significant gain, the largest among all TUDA districts.
  • Overall, proficiency rates as measured by the NAEP are lower than those reflected in MSA results and are anticipated to be closer to those shown in assessments now in development to align with the Common Core State Standards.

Budget and Finance

FY 2014 Operating Budget: $1.32 billion (Read more)
  • Sources: State, 68 percent; Baltimore City, 19 percent; federal government, 11 percent
  • 73 percent goes to salaries, wages and employee fringe benefits; 12 percent to contracted services; the balance covers utilities, equipment, materials, debt service and other expenses and charges.
Fair Student Funding
  • Since FY 2009, principals have controlled the majority of school budgets. In exchange for this flexibility and autonomy, schools are held responsible for student achievement.

School Choice

  • Beginning in 2010, school choice has been available to both middle and high school students and their families.
  • 7,046 rising 6th- and 9th-grade students chose their school for the 2013-14 school year.

Strengthening School Communities

  • 6,850 people had registered to volunteer as of the 2012-13 school year.